Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniya • ISSN 2075-7999
peer-reviewed • open access journal
      

 

Chukhutova G.L., Tsetlin M.M., Pushina N.P., Grachev V.V., Stroganova T.A. Cognitive strategies of designing in children with autism

Full text in Russian: Чухутова Г.Л., Цетлин М.М., Пушина Н.П., Грачев В.В., Строганова Т.А. Когнитивные стратегии конструирования у детей с аутизмом
Moscow City University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia
Psychological Institute, Russian Academy of Education, Moscow, Russia
Mental Health Research Center, Russian Academy of Medical Sciences, Moscow, Russia

About authors
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Superior block design abilities (Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children) in children with autism are commonly regarded as peculiarities of their visual perception allowing easy identifying the specific features of the visual pattern. The aim of our study was to analyze reconstruction strategies in 4-11 years old children with autism (34 children) in comparison with typically developing children (38 children). The assessment of reconstruction strategy was based on the off-line analysis of video-records, and provided a quantitative index of the child’s bias to focus on the global configuration or the local features of the model throughout the performance of subtest “Triangles” from the Kaufmann Assessment Battery for Children. Results showed an abnormal bias in children with autism to concentrate on the local features of a model (color contrast and slope of a border between different elements of the pattern) and to ignore its global configuration. Being highly expressed this bias affects the child’s reconstruction abilities and leads to poor performance of the subtest.

Keywords: autism, reconstruction of a model, cognitive strategies, holistic and part-based visual perception, executive functions

 

Acknowledgements
We thank Svetlana Igorevna Novikova and Ilya Aleksandrovich Galyuta, fellows of the laboratory of developmental psychophysiology of Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, for testing children. We acknowledge the children who took part in the experiment and their parents.


Funding

The study was supported by the Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation, project ГК 02.740.11.0376.


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Received 17 May 2011. Date of publication: 18 August 2011.

About authors

Chukhutova Galina L. Ph.D. Student, Department of Developmental Psychophysiology, Faculty of Clinical and Special Psychology, Moscow City University of Psychology and Education, Sretenka, 29,103051 Moscow, Russia.
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Tsetlin Marina M. Ph.D., Senior  Research Associate, Psychological Institute, Russian Academy of Education, Moscow, Russia.

Pushina Natalia P. Ph.D., Senior  Research Associate, Psychological Institute, Russian Academy of Education, Moscow, Russia.

Grachev Vitaly V. Ph.D. in Medical Sciences, Senior  Research Associate, Mental Health Research Center, Russian Academy of Medical Sciences, Moscow, Russia.

Stroganova Tatiana A. Ph.D. in Biological Sciences, Professor, Head, Department of Developmental Psychophysiology, Faculty of Clinical and Special Psychology, Moscow City University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia.

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APA Style
Chukhutova, G. L., Tsetlin, M. M., Pushina, N. P., Grachev V. V., & Stroganova, T. A. (2011). Cognitive strategies of designing in children with autism. Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniya, 4(18). Retrieved from http://psystudy.ru. 0421100116/0040. [in Russian, abstr. in English].

Russian State Standard GOST P 7.0.5-2008
Chukhutova G.L., Tsetlin M.M., Pushina N.P., Grachev V.V., Stroganova T.A. Cognitive strategies of designing in children with autism [Electronic resource] // Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniya. 2011. N 4(18). URL: http://psystudy.ru (date of access: dd.mm.yyyy). 0421100116/0040. [in Russian, abstr. in English]

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