Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniya • ISSN 2075-7999
peer-reviewed • open access journal
      

 

Buchek A.A. Polycultural environment and its influence on ethnic self-consciousness of a person

Full text in Russian: Бучек А.А. Полиэтничная среда и ее влияние на этническое самосознание личности
Vitus Bering Kamchatka State University, Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky, Russia

About author
Suggested citation


The structure of ethnic self-consciousness as a function of ethno-cultural situation (dominant ethnic group affiliation, predominance of one’s own or other culture representatives in the environment, use of a native or non-native language in communication) was studied. The empirical data were collected in Kamchatka Krai, the area of compact settlement of indigenous peoples of the North, in 2007-2010 (N = 139). It is shown that living in the predominantly polyethnic or autoethnic environment is a condition for actualization of structural units of self-consciousness and determines man’s perceptions of the world and of himself in the world. Feeling of predictability and control over the world under relative homogeneity of ethnic space is associated with a man’s less differentiated perception of himself as a member of a certain ethnic community. Incompleteness of the man’s perception of his own relationships with the world and contradictory views due to interference of several ethnic “images of the world” determine the man’s search for reference points which provide psychological protection and comfort as well a possibility to perceive the world as a more predictable and controlled place. In the polyethnic environment the man constructs an ethnic reality that correlates with an ideal group prototype (“an ethnic ideal”) by investing modern realities with ethnic meanings.

Keywords: ethnic self-consciousness, polyethnic environment, autoethnic environment

 

References
Cyrillic letters are transliterated according to BSI standards.

Bondyreva S.K., Saiko E.V. Etnosfera kak sostavlyayushchaya vosproizvodstva Sotsiuma // Mir psikhologii. 2009. N 3. S. 3–11. [in Russian]

Danilenko O.I. Individual'nost' v kontekste kul'tury: psikhologiya dushevnogo zdorov'ya. SPb.: Izd-vo S.-Peterb. un-ta, 2008. [in Russian]

Edinyi perechen' korennykh malochislennykh narodov Rossiiskoi Federatsii: postanovlenie ot 24 marta 2000 g. // Severnye prostory. 2000. N 1. S. 63. [in Russian]

Martsinkovskaya T.D. Psikhologiya v sovremennom mire // Teoriya i metodologiya psikhologii: Postneklassicheskaya perspektiva / otv. red. A.L.Zhuravlev, A.V.Yurevich. M.: Institut psikhologii RAN, 2007. S. 33–44. [in Russian]

Padun M.A., Kotelygakova A.V. Modifikatsiya metodiki issledovaniya bazisnykh ubezhdenii lichnosti R. Yanoff-Bul'man // Psikhologicheskii zhurnal. 2008. T. 29, N 4. S. 98–106. [in Russian]

Psikhodiagnostika tolerantnosti lichnosti / pod red. G.U.Soldatovoi, L.A.Shaigerovoi. M.: Smysl, 2008. [in Russian]

Sidorenko E.V. Terapiya i trening po A.Adleru. SPb.: [b.i.], 2000. [in Russian]

Sikevich Z.V. Sotsiologiya i psikhologiya natsional'nykh otnoshenii: ucheb. posobie. SPb.: Izd-vo Mikhailova V.A., 1999b. [in Russian]

Slezkin Yu. Arkticheskie zerkala: Rossiya i malye narody Severa / per. s angl. O.Leont'evoi. M.: Novoe literaturnoe obozrenie, 2008. [in Russian]

Solov'eva A.N. Kul'turnye razlichiya kak osnova etnicheskoi identichnosti v kontekste globalizatsii // Mir psikhologii. 2009. N 3. S. 23–34. [in Russian]

Tul'chinskii G.L. Postchelovecheskaya personologiya. Novye perspektivy svobody i ratsional'nosti. SPb.: Aleteiya, 2002. [in Russian]

Turner T. Anthropology and Multiculturalism: What is Anthropology That Multiculturalism Shoul Be Mindful of It? // Cultural Anthropology. 1993. Vol. 8, N 4. P. 411–429.

Vesna E.B. K probleme formirovaniya etnicheskoi identichnosti v polietnichnom mire // Vestnik KRAUNTs. Seriya: Gumanitarnye nauki. 2004. N 2. S. 3–6. [in Russian]

Vittenberg E.V. Sotsial'no-psikhologicheskie faktory adaptatsii k sotsial'nym i kul'turnym izmeneniyam: avtoref. diss. … kand. psikhol. nauk. Leningrad, 1994. [in Russian]

Vygotsky L.S. Soznanie kak problema psikhologii povedeniya // Sobr. soch. M.: Pedagogika, 1982. T. 1. S. 78–98. [in Russian]

Received 4 April 2011. Date of publication: 31 October 2011.

About author

Buchek Albina A. Ph.D., Senior Lecturer, Department of Theoretical and Practical Psychology, Vitus Bering Kamchatka State University, Kosmichesky proezd, 10/197, 683038 Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky, Russia.
E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.

Suggested citation

APA Style
Buchek, A. A. (2011). Polycultural environment and its influence on ethnic self-consciousness of a person. Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniya, 5(19). Retrieved from http://psystudy.ru. 0421100116/0053. [in Russian, abstr. in English].

Russian State Standard GOST P 7.0.5-2008
Buchek A.A. Polycultural environment and its influence on ethnic self-consciousness of a person [Electronic resource] // Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniya. 2011. N 5(19). URL: http://psystudy.ru (date of access: dd.mm.yyyy). 0421100116/0053. [in Russian, abstr. in English]

Back to top >>

Related Articles