Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniya • ISSN 2075-7999
peer-reviewed • open access journal


Menshikova G.Ya. On the classification of visual illusions

Full text in Russian: Меньшикова Г.Я. К вопросу о классификации зрительных иллюзий
Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia

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The classification of visual illusions is an important step in the development of ideas of illusion phenomena. Although in series of works different methods of classifying visual illusions were proposed, this issue is still open. In this article contemporary works on this issue are analyzed; difficulties in classifying of various visual illusions are discussed. Additionally, advantages and disadvantages of the available classifications are considered. The author’s own version of the classification, based on the hypothesis of level organization of the illusion formation process, as well as the geterarchical character of this organization is proposed. The advantages of the proposed classification are discussed; experimental works which are in good agreement with the proposed model are analyzed.

Keywords: visual illusions, visual illusions forming mechanisms, classification, cognitive level, information processing, sensory level


The study was supported in part by M.V.Lomonosov Moscow State University Program of Development.


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Received 22 June 2011. Date of publication: 20 October 2012.

About author

Menshikova Galina Ya. Ph.D., Head, Laboratory “Perception”, Faculty of Psychology, Lomonosov Moscow State University, ul. Mokhovaya, 11, str. 9, 125009 Moscow, Russia.
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Suggested citation

Menshikova G.Ya. On the classification of visual illusions. Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniya, 2012, Vol. 5, No. 25, p. 1. (in Russian, abstr. in English).

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