Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniya • ISSN 2075-7999
peer-reviewed • open access journal


Shcheblanova E.I., Tsoi A.B. Social and psychological adjustment of gifted students with different kinds of intellectual abilities

Full text in Russian: Щебланова Е.И., Цой А.Б. Социально-психологическая адаптация одаренных учащихся с разными видами интеллектуальных способностей
Psychological institute, Russian academy of education, Moscow, Russia

About authors
Suggested citation

In current psychology two competing positions exist: 1. giftedness is a risk factor for social and psychological adaptation, and 2. high intelligence makes the protective resource promoting individual resilience. The adaptation of gymnasium gifted students (N = 164) with different kinds of intellectual abilities measured by tests, achievement, self- and peer-estimations was investigated in this study. The main results demonstrate complexity and nonlinearity of relationships between the self-estimations of abilities and the criteria of adaptation.

Keywords: intelligence, giftedness, self-estimations, social and psychological adaptation, abilities, gymnasium students


The study was supported by Russian Foundation for Humanities, project 11-06-00648а.


Andreeva G.M. Sotsial'naya psikhologiya. Moscow: Aspekt Press, 2000. (in Russian)

Averina I.S., Shcheblanova E.I. Verbal'nyi test tvorcheskogo myshleniya "Neobychnoe ispol'zovanie". Moscow: Sobor, 1996. (in Russian)

Belova S.S., Valueva E.A., Ushakov D.V. Zhurnal prikladnoi psikhologii, 2006, 6(3), 49–53. (in Russian)

Bogoyavlenskaya D.B., Shadrikov V.D., Babaeva Yu.D. et al. Rabochaya kontseptsiya odarennosti. Moscow: Min. obrazovaniya Rossiiskoi Federatsii, 2003. (in Russian)

Bozhovich L.I. Lichnost' i ee formirovanie v detskom vozraste. St. Petersburg: Piter, 2008. (in Russian)

Chan D.W. Adjustment problems and multiple intelligences among gifted students in Hong Kong: the development of the revised student adjustment problems inventory. High Ability Studies, 2003, 14(1), 41–54.

Chan D.W. Components of leadership giftedness and multiple intelligences among Chinese gifted students in Hong Kong. High Ability Studies, 2007, 18(2), 155–172.

Dubrovina I.V. In: V.V. Rubtsov. (Ed.), Moskovskaya psikhologicheskaya shkola: Istoriya i sovremennost'. Moscow: PI RAO, MGPPU, 2004. Vol. 2, pp. 156–163. (in Russian)

Feldshtein D.I. Psikhologiya razvitiya cheloveka kak lichnosti. Moscow: Mosk. psikhol.-sots. institut; Voronezh: MODEK. 2005. (in Russian)

Freeman J. Gifted lives: what happens when gifted children grow up? London, New York: Routledge, 2010.

Gardner H. Struktura razuma: teoriya mnozhestvennogo intellekta. Moscow: T-vo I.D.Vil'yamsa, 2007. (Transl. of: Gardner H. The theory of multiple intelligences. New York: A Member of the Perseus Group, 1993.)

Garland A.F., Zigler E. Emotional and behavioral problems among highly intellectually gifted youth. Roeper Review, 1999, 22(1), 41–44.

Glukhova V.A. Extended abstract of PhD dissertation (Psychology). Saratov. gos. universitet, Saratov, 2010. (in Russian)

Golubeva E.A. Sposobnosti. Lichnost'. Individual'nost'. Dubna: Feniks, 2005. (in Russian)

Gross M. Exceptionally gifted children. London: Routledge Falmer, 2004.

Heller K.A. (Ed.). Munich studies of giftedness. Munich: Munich University, 2010.

Hollingworth L.S. Children above 180 IQ (Stanford-Binet): origin and development. NY: World Book, 1942.

Khazova S.A. Kognitivnye resursy sovladayushchego povedeniya: empiricheskie issledovaniya. Kostroma: Kostrom. gos. universitet, 2010. (in Russian)

Kitano V.K., Lewis R.B. Resilience and coping: implications for gifted children. Roeper Review, 2005, 27(4), 200–205.

Leites N.S. Vozrastnaya odarennost' i individual'nye razlichiya: Izbrannye trudy. Moscow: Mosk. psikhol.-sots. institut; Voronezh: MODEK, 2008. (in Russian)

Lopez V., SotilloM. Giftedness and social adjustment: evidence supporting the resilience approach in Spanish-speaking children and adolescents. High Ability Studies, 2009, 20(1), 39–51.

Lukash E.Yu. Extended abstract of PhD dissertation (Sociology). Dal’nevost. gos. tekh. universitet, Vladivostok, 2004. (in Russian)

Martsinkovskaya T.D. (Ed.). Kontseptsii sotsializatsii i individualizatsii v sovremennoi psikhologii. Moscow: IG-SOTSIN, 2010. (in Russian)

Matyushkin A.M. Myshlenie, obuchenie, tvorchestvo. Moscow: Mosk. psikhol.-sots. institut; Voronezh: MODEK, 2003. (in Russian)

Mönks F.J., Katzko M.W. Giftedness and gifted education. In: R.J. Sternberg, J. Davidson (Eds.), Conception on Giftedness, New York: Cambridge University, 2005, 187–200.

Nalchadzhyan A.A. Psikhologicheskaya adaptatsiya. Mekhanizmy i strategii. Moscow: Eksmo, 2010. (in Russian)

Neihart M., Reis S.M., Robinson N.M., Moon S.M. (Eds.). Тhе social and emotional development of gifted children. What do we know? Washington: Prufrock Press, Inc., 2002.

Neto F., Ruiz F., Furnham A. Sex differences in self-estimation of multiple intelligences among Portuguese adolescents. High Ability Studies, 2008, 19(2), 189–204.

Nikolaeva Yu.V. Extended abstract of PhD dissertation (Psychology). S.-Peterb. gos. universitet, St. Petersburg, 2002. (in Russian)

Novikova M.A., Kornilova T.V. Psikhologicheskie issledovaniya, 2012, 5(23), 2. http:// (in Russian)

Osnitsky A.K. Zhurnal prakticheskogo psikhologa, 1998, No. 1, 54–64. (in Russian)

Petrova S.O. Extended abstract of PhD dissertation (Psychology). Mosk. psikhol.-ped. universitet, Moscow, 2010. (in Russian)

Petrovsky A.V. Voprosy psikhologii, 1984, No. 4, 15–30. (in Russian)

Petrovsky V.A. Chelovek nad situatsiei. Moscow: Smysl, 2010. (in Russian)

Prikhozhan A.M. Trevozhnost' u detei i podrostkov: psikhologicheskaya priroda i vozrastnaya dinamika. Moscow: Mosk. psikhol.-sots. institut; Voronezh: MODEK, 2000. (in Russian)

Rean A.A. (Ed.) Psikhologiya podrostka. St. Petersburg: Praim-Evroznak, 2008. (in Russian)

Renzulli J.S. What is the thing called giftedness, and how do we develop it? A twenty-five year perspective. Journal for the Education of the Gifted, 1999, 23(1), 3–54.

Richards J., Encel J., Shute R. The emotional and social adjustment of intellectually gifted adolescents: a multi-dimensional, multi-informant approach. High Ability Studies, 2003, 14(2), 153–164.

Shcheblanova E.I. Psikhologicheskaya diagnostika odarennosti shkol'nikov: problemy, metody, rezul'taty issledovanii i praktiki. Moscow: Mosk. psikhol.-sots. institut; Voronezh: MODEK, 2004. (in Russian)

Shumakova N.B. Obuchenie i razvitie odarennykh detei. Moscow: Mosk. psikhol.-sots. institut; Voronezh: MODEK, 2004. (in Russian)

Snegireva T.V. Extended abstract of PhD dissertation (Psychology). Psikhologicheskii institut, Moscow, 1978. (in Russian)

Subotnik R.F., Olszewski-Kubilius P., Frank C., Worrell F.C. Rethinking giftedness and gifted education: a proposed direction forward based on psychological science. Psychological Science in the Public Interest, 2011, 12(1), 3–54.

Terman L.M., Oden L.H. The gifted child grows up: twenty five years' follow up of a superior group. In: Genetic Studies of Genius. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1947.

Tsoi A.B. Teoreticheskaya i eksperimental'naya psikhologiya, 2012, 5(1), 14–25. (in Russian)

Tsoi A.B. Theoretical and experimental psychology, 2012, 5(1), 14–25. (in Russian, abstr. in English)

Tsoi A.B., Shcheblanova E.I. Nachal'naya shkola plyus Do i Posle, 2013, No. 5, 19–24. (in Russian)

Webb J.T., Gore J.L., Amend E.R., DeVries A.R. A parent's guide to gifted children. Scottsdale, AZ: Great Potential Press, 2007.

Yasyukova L.A. Test struktury intellekta R.Amtkhauera (IST). St. Petersburg: IMATON, 2002. (in Russian)

Zeidner M., Schleyer E.J. The big-fish-little-pond effect for academic self-concept, test anxiety, and school grades in gifted children. Contemporary Educational Ps ychology, 1999, 24(4), 305–329.

Received 5 April 2013. Date of publication: 19 October 2013.

About authors

Shcheblanova Elena I.Ph.D., Psychological Institute, Russian Academy of Education, ul. Mokhovaya, 9, str. 4, 125009 Moscow, Russia.
E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.

Tsoi Anna B. Ph.D. Student, Psychological Institute, Russian Academy of Education, ul. Mokhovaya, 9, str. 4, 125009 Moscow, Russia.
E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.

Suggested citation

Shcheblanova E.I., Tsoi A.B. Social and psychological adjustment of gifted students with different kinds of intellectual abilities. Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniya, 2013, Vol. 6, No. 31, p. 7. (in Russian, abstr. in English).

Permanent URL:

Back to top >>

Related Articles