Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniya • ISSN 2075-7999
peer-reviewed • open access journal
      

 

Ivanchei I.I., Moroshkina N.V. The interaction of implicit and explicit knowledge in artificial grammar learning

Full text in Russian: Иванчей И.И., Морошкина Н.В. Взаимодействие имплицитных и эксплицитных знаний при научении искусственным грамматикам
Saint Petersburg State University, Saint Petersburg, Russia

About authors
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The present study is dedicated to investigation of the interaction of conscious and unconscious processes in artificial grammar learning. The basic issue of the study is how the conflict between two implicitly learned stimuli regularities influences their classification. The results of the experiment suggest that subjects implicitly learned not only the rules of artificial grammar but also the hidden hint (in the form of slightly sparse font). In case of contradiction between the rules of grammar and the hidden hint subjects switched their decision making strategy to an analytical one being unaware of this contradiction. This manifested in the change of the decision making criterion, the decrease of "yes" response rate and the heuristics used by the subjects. It is concluded that stimuli provoking conflict between implicitly acquired knowledge enhance conscious control over task performance. Possible implications for implicit learning theories are discussed.

Keywords: consciousness, cognitive unconscious, implicit and explicit knowledge, artificial grammar learning, analytical/intuitive strategy, "yes" response rate

 

Funding
The study was supported by Russian Foundation for Basic Research, project 12-06-00311, and was conducted within Saint Petersburg State University research project 8.23.784.2013.


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Received 5 May 2013. Date of publication: 20 December 2013.

About authors

Ivanchei Ivan I. Ph.D. Student, Junior Research Associate, Department of Psychology, Saint Petersburg State University, Universitetskaya nab., 7/9, 199034 St. Petersburg, Russia.
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Moroshkina Nadezda V. Ph.D., Associate Professor, Department of Psychology, Saint Petersburg State University, Universitetskaya nab., 7/9, 199034 St. Petersburg, Russia.
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Suggested citation

Ivanchei I.I., Moroshkina N.V. The interaction of implicit and explicit knowledge during artificial grammar learning. Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniya, 2013, Vol. 6, No. 32, p. 2. http://psystudy.ru (in Russian, abstr. in English).

Permanent URL: http://psystudy.ru/index.php/eng/2013v6n32e/916-ivanchei32e.html

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