Bespalov B.I., Leonov S.V., Knokh E.S. Characteristics of the sense of time in students of music schools

Full text in Russian: Беспалов Б.И., Леонов С.В., Кнох Э.С. Характеристики чувства времени у учащихся музыкальных училищ
Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia

About authors
Suggested citation


Characteristics of the sense of time in students of music schools were studied. The subjects were 32 adults aged 16-26 and 17 children aged 7-13 with different specialization (strings, brass, drums and keyboards musical instruments) and skill level (higher and secondary music school). The method of reproduction of time intervals (1,5 and 1,67 seconds) was used in the first experiment. The subjects were exposed to metronome ticking. In the second experiment the intervals for reproduction were empty (2,3 and 5 seconds). Children were retested in four years. After the first set of experiments teachers assessed children’s motivation using 7-point scale as well as the sense of rhythm and gave their forecast of children’s success. It is shown that mean relative error and variation of reproduction of empty intervals depend on age of children and professional experience of adult musicians which doesn’t match B.I. Tsukanov’s hypotheses about “innateness” of this error and its independence of professional musicians experience. It is suggested that complex criterion for musical giftedness including relative error of reproduction of empty intervals and motivation level should be probabilistic and vague.

Keywords: sense of time, reproduction of time intervals, musical giftedness

 

Funding
The study was supported by Russian Foundation for Humanities, project 12-06-00817а


References

Bespalov B.I., Leonov S.V. Vestnik Moskovskogo universiteta. Ser. 14. Psikhologiya, 2008, No. 1, 97–113. (in Russian)

Bespalov B.I., Leonov S.V. In: Psikhologiya pered vyzovom budushchego. Materialy nauchnoi konferentsii, priurochennoi k 40-letnemu yubileyu fakul'teta psikhologii MGU. Moscow: Mosk. gos. univ., 2006, pp. 201–203. (in Russian)

Bespalov B.I., Strelkov Yu.K. In: Lichnostnyi resurs sub"ekta truda v izmenyayushcheisya Rossii. Materialy mezhdunarodnoi nauchno-prakticheskoi konferentsii. Stavropol': SevKavGTU, 2006, pp 49–51. (in Russian)

Bogoyavlenskaya D.B. (Ed.). Rabochaya kontseptsiya odarennosti. Moscow, 2003. (in Russian)

Fedotchev A.I. Voprosy psikhologii, 1984, No. 1, 80–86. (in Russian)

Fress P. Eksperimental'naya psikhologiya, Vol. 6. Moscow: Progress, 1978, 88–135. (in Russian)

Gotsdiner A.L. O stadiyakh formirovaniya muzykal'nogo vospriyatiya: Problemy muzykal'nogo myshleniya. Moscow: Muzyka, 1975. (in Russian)

Teplov B.M. Psikhologiya muzykal'nykh sposobnostei. Moscow: Akademiya pedagogicheskikh nauk, 1947. (in Russian)

Tsukanov B.I. Vremya v psikhike cheloveka. Odessa: AstroPrint, 2000. (in Russian)

Received 21 May 2013. Date of publication: 28 December 2013.

About authors

Bespalov Boris I. Ph.D., Department of Engineering Psychology, Faculty of Psychology, Lomonosov Moscow State University, ul. Mokhovaya, 11, str. 9, 125009 Moscow, Russia.
E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.

Leonov Sergey V. Ph.D., Department of Engineering Psychology, Faculty of Methodology, Lomonosov Moscow State University, ul. Mokhovaya, 11, str. 9, 125009 Moscow, Russia.
E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.

Suggested citation

Bespalov B.I., Leonov S.V., Knokh E.S. Characteristics of the sense of time in students of music schools. Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniya, 2013, Vol. 6, No. 32, p. 5. http://psystudy.ru (in Russian, abstr. in English).

Permanent URL: http://psystudy.ru/index.php/eng/2013v6n32e/919-bespalov32e.html

Back to top >>