Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniya • ISSN 2075-7999
peer-reviewed • open access journal
      

 

Medvedeva T.I., Bolshakova S.P., Zinchenko O.O., Enikolopova E.V. The emotional decision making in the situations of uncertainty

Full text in Russian: Медведева Т.И., Большакова С.П., Зинченко О.О., Ениколопова Е.В. Принятие основанных на эмоциях решений в ситуации неопределенности
Mental Health Research Centre, Moscow, Russia
Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia

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This article analyses the capacity of healthy patients for decision making based on the mechanism of the emotional learning (Damasio’s somatic marker hypothesis). The relation of this mechanism to the perception of the emotionally significant situations in real life and the use of emotions in cognitive control is estimated. The dependence of the emotional learning on parameters of the executive functions is considered. The influence of propensity to risk and impulsiveness on the decision making is analyzed. The following methods are used: the International Game  Technology (IGT), the Mayer-Salovey-Caruso Emotional Intelligence Test (MSCEIT), the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST), the D-KEFS Color-Word Interference Test, the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale (BIS-11), the questionnaire “Impulsiveness 7” (I7). 95 people were involved in the study. The connection of the decision making in uncertainty which estimates with the International Game  Technology (IGT), with the emotional processes is demonstrated. It is shown that the decrease of the regulatory functions, such as the inhibition of the irrelevant answers and the control of the result of their own actions, is connected to the decreasing of the capacity for decision making in uncertainty. The personal features (the interest to the complex problem solving and the focusing on the future) are connected with better decision making in uncertainty. By the persons with risk propensity the learning occurs later on the basis of emotional experience. High level of the capacity for planning and self-control is connected to the features of the emotional decision making.

Keywords: Damasio’s somatic marker hypothesis, decision making, emotional intelligence, executive functions, impulsiveness, risk propensity, situation of uncertainty

 

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Received 4 April 2015. Date of publication: 31 October 2015.

About authors

Medvedeva Tatiana I. Junior Research Associate, Department of Medical Psychology, Mental Health Research Centre, Russian Academy of Medical Sciences, Kashirskoye sh., 34, 115522 Moscow, Russia.
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Bolshakova Sofya P. Postgraduate student, Department of Neuro- and Pathopsychology, Faculty of Psychology, Lomonosov Moscow State University, ul. Mokhovaya, 11, str. 9, 125009 Moscow, Russia.
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Zinchenko Oxana O. Student, Department of Neuro- and Pathopsychology, Faculty of Psychology, Lomonosov Moscow State University, ul. Mokhovaya, 11, str. 9, 125009 Moscow, Russia.
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Enikolopova Elena V. Ph.D., Associate Professor, Department of Neuro- and Pathopsychology, Faculty of Psychology, Lomonosov Moscow State University, ul. Mokhovaya, 11, str. 9, 125009 Moscow, Russia.
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Suggested citation

Medvedeva T.I., Bolshakova S.P., Zinchenko O.O., Enikolopova E.V. The emotional decision making in the situations of uncertainty. Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniya, 2015, Vol. 8, No. 43, p. 10. http://psystudy.ru (in Russian, abstr. in English).

Permanent URL: http://psystudy.ru/index.php/eng/2015v8n43e/1202-medvedeva43e.html

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