Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniya • ISSN 2075-7999
peer-reviewed • open access journal
      

 

2017 Vol 10 Issue 54

Martsinkovskaya T.D. Internal form of psychological hronotope: approaches to the problem


MARTSINKOVSKAYA T.D. INTERNAL FORM OF PSYCHOLOGICAL HRONOTOPE: APPROACHES TO THE PROBLEM
Full text in Russian: Марцинковская Т.Д. Внутренняя форма психологического хронотопа: подходы к проблеме

Psychological Institute, Moscow, Russia
L.S.Vygotsky Institute for Psychology, Moscow, Russia
Federal Institute of Education Development, Moscow, Russia

About author
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The concept of the chronotope in biology and philology is revealed. The specificity of the psychological chronotope is shown, as well as the importance of the chronotope heterochronism, the discrepancy between time and space. A complex, 6-dimensional chronotope structure consisting of three spatial and three time parameters is proved. The significance of the construct of the psychological chronotope for analyzing the processes of socialization and the formation of identity in the transitive world is revealed. The consequences of transitivity, which actualize the use of the construct of the psychological chronotope, are shown. The adequacy of the use of a psychological chronotope is demonstrated in the analysis of the relationship between the social and individual aspects of identity. The psychological essence of large and small chronotopes is considered. A small chronotope in psychology can be represented as separate segments of the life span, which should be formed into a system of a large psychological chronotope (life in general). The analysis of the harmonious combination of different aspects of the psychological chronotop raises the question of the relationship between social and personal identity in process of the development of society and human being. The variants of the discrepancy between personal and social time, the influence of disharmoniousness of these combinations on creativity and the fate of scientists and artists are presented. The value of the internal form of the chronotope is revealed. It is shown that the psychological chronotope reflects the relationship between the six parameters of space and time in the general (objective) and personal (subjective) spaces and times. And its internal form is associated with the emotional experience of a certain moment in this relationship, that is, it is an emotional response (emotional experience) to the connection between competitive small chronotopes - the moments of the life path in space and time. Variants of the description of the internal form of the chronotope in poetry are shown; it is states that poetry to a greater extent than other types of art reflected the essence of this concept. In conclusion, it is proved that a comparative analysis of the sense, external and internal forms of the psychological chronotope demonstrates their harmony / disharmony. In this case, the impossibility of their complete coincidence gives an intention for development and personal growth.

Keywords: chronotope, space, time, internal form, emotional experience, harmony/ disharmony

 

Acknowledgment
The author expresses gratitude to Maria V. Falikman for valuable clues that helped structuring this article.

Funding
The study was supported by Russian Foundation for Humanities, project 17-06-00077.


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Received 10 April 2017. Date of publication: 23 August 2017.

About author

Martsinkovskaya Tatyana D. Ph.D., Professor, Psychological Institute, ul. Mokhovaya, 9–4, 125009 Moscow, Russia; Federal institute of Development of Education, ul. Cernjahovskogo, 9–1, 125319 Moscow, Russia; L.S.Vygotsky Institute for Psychology, Russian State University for the Humanities, Miusskaya pl., 6, 125993 Moscow, Russia. ORCID iD 0000-0003-2810-2554
E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.

Suggested citation

Martsinkovskaya T.D. Internal form of psychological hronotope: approaches to the problem. Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniya, 2017, Vol. 10, No. 54, p. 1. http://psystudy.ru (in Russian, abstr. in English).

Permanent URL: http://psystudy.ru/index.php/eng/2017v10n54e/1460-martsinkovskaya54e.html

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