Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniya • ISSN 2075-7999
peer-reviewed • open access journal


2018 Vol 11 Issue 60

Balashova E.Yu. Many spaces of Boris Rauschenbach

Full text in Russian: Балашова Е.Ю. Пространства Бориса Раушенбаха

Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia
FGBNU "Psychological Institute of Russian Academy of Education", Moscow, Russia
Mental Health Research center, Moscow, Russia

About author
Suggested citation

The article is devoted to the psychological analysis of the life and work of the outstanding Russian physicist, one of the founders of Russian cosmonautics, academician Boris Viktorovich Rauschenbach (1915-2001). The author of the article tells about the reasons for the scientist's appeal to the study of ways of transferring spatial relations in painting, considers a series of his works devoted to the specificity  of spatial constructions and systems of space image in paintings, frescoes, reliefs of different centuries and cultures. These are monographs "Spatial constructions in painting", "Geometry of painting and visual perception", "Spatial constructions in old Russian painting" and a number of other publications. The article discusses the possibility of interpreting the ideas of B.V.Rauschenbach from the standpoint of cultural-historical approach and aesthetic paradigm in psychological research. The author gives the arguments testifying to the value of B.V.Rauschenbach's ideas for understanding the complex mechanisms of cultural Genesis, for the development of psychology of perceptual processes, age psychology, clinical psychology (in particular, knowledge about the brain organization of spatial perception). Specialists who study the perception of space and other spatial functions (their psychological structure and brain organization) often refer to the works of B.V.Rauschenbach. The article also describes the psychological problems that attracted the attention of the scientist. In his works, B.V.Rauschenbach analyzed in detail the role of setting, suggestion, training in visual perception of space. He attached great importance to errors, distortions in the transmission of spatial relations, rightly believing that they in many cases significantly enhance the expressiveness and informativeness of the image. B.V.Rauschenbach has always been distinguished by the breadth of interests (both scientific and non-scientific), which manifested itself as much as possible in the last decades of his life. This was reflected in the collections of his articles and essays "Passion", "PostScript", "Thoughts at leisure. Essays. Articles. Memoirs». In the text of the article there are citations from the works of B.V.Rauschenbach, allowing readers to evaluate his style of thinking, outstanding literary talent, erudition, observation, sense of humor.

Keywords: space, psychology, physics, painting, visual perception, aesthetic paradigm, cultural and historical approach



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Received 12 June 2018. Date of publication: 28 August 2018.

About author

Balashova Elenа Yu. Ph.D., Leading Research Associate, Lomonosov Moscow State University, ul. Mokhovaya, 11–9, 125009 Moscow, Russia; Senior Research Associate, FGBNU "Psychological Institute of Russian Academy of Education", ul. Mokhovaya, 9–4, 125009 Moscow, Russia; Senior Research Associate, Mental Health Research Center, Russian Academy of Medical Sciences, Kashirskoe sh., 34, 115522 Moscow, Russia; Senior Research Associate, Moscow State Regional University, ul. Radio, 10A, 105005 Moscow, Russia.
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Suggested citation

Balashova E.Yu. Many spaces of Boris Rauschenbach. Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniya, 2018, Vol. 11, No. 60, p. 2. (in Russian, abstr. in English).

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