Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniya • ISSN 2075-7999
peer-reviewed • open access journal
      

 

2018 Vol 11 Issue 62

Egorova M.S., Parshikova O.V. General factor of personality


EGOROVA M.S., PARSHIKOVA O.V. GENERAL FACTOR OF PERSONALITY
Full text in Russian: Егорова М.С., Паршикова О.В. Общий фактор личности

Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia

About authors
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The general factor of personality (GFP) or Big One was introduced by Musek who considered it to be the central concept in the Pyramidal Model of Personality – the new hierarchical structural model of personality traits, representing a revision of the prevalent structural models. According to this model the GFP is the result of shared variance among factor-level personality traits. It sits at the apex of the personality hierarchy and is similar to factor g (general factor of intelligence), but for the non-cognitive traits. The GFP has positive and negative poles: in terms of the Five Factor Model the high level of the GFP is the result of the high level of Extraversion, Emotional Stability, Conscientiousness, Agreeableness and Openness to the Experience. The interpersonal variation in GFP is analyzed in two frameworks. Evolutionary Life History Theory understands the GFP as a complex trait connected with social adjustment and thus ensuring success of survival, maturation and reproduction. Personality theories connect the GFP with prosocial orientation providing positive self-concept, positive world view, social effectiveness and life satisfaction. Over the past 10 years the GFP was intensively studied and actively debated. The present review of the GFP studies shows that there are evidences for the existence of a GFP, though sometimes one-factor structure is not replicated and confirmative factor analysis and multitrait-multimethod studies receive less definite results. The sources of the GFP also are still the question for the discussion. The common variation of factor-level traits may be the consequence of the statistical artifacts, halo effects, social desirability and self-esteem.

Keywords: General Factor of Personality (GFP), adaptation, social effectiveness, exploratory factor analysis, confirmatory factor analysis

 

Funding
The study was supported by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research, project 17-06-00436.


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Received 8 October 2018. Date of publication: 28 December 2018.

About authors

Egorova Marina S. Ph.D., Professor, Corresponding Member, Russian Academy of Education; Head of Department of Behavioral Genetics, Faculty of Psychology, Lomonosov Moscow State University, ul. Mokhovaya, 11–9, 125009 Moscow, Russia.
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Parshikova Oxana V. Ph.D., Senior Lecturer, Department of Behavioral Genetics, Faculty of Psychology, Lomonosov Moscow State University, ul. Mokhovaya, 11–9, 125009 Moscow, Russia.
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Suggested citation

Egorova M.S., Parshikova O.V. General factor of personality. Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniya, 2018, Vol. 11, No. 62, p. 11. http://psystudy.ru (in Russian, abstr. in English).

Permanent URL: http://psystudy.ru/index.php/eng/2018v11n62e/1665-egorova62e.html

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