Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniya • ISSN 2075-7999
peer-reviewed • open access journal


2020 Vol. 13 Issue 73

Gulevich O.A., Krivoshchekov V.S., Shmygaleva S.A. Political cynicism: Russian-language scale to measure negative attitudes towards politicians

Full text in Russian: Гулевич О.А., Кривощеков В.С., Шмыгалева С.А. Политический цинизм: русскоязычная шкала для измерения негативного отношения к политикам

National Research University Higher School of Economics, Moscow, Russia

About author
Suggested citation

Attitude toward politicians, political groups and political institutions is a popular area of political psychology research, which employs two basic concepts – political trust and political cynicism. Political cynicism is defined as the belief that politicians, political groups and institutions cannot be trusted/relied upon even in the absence of information about the specific actions they are taking. The aim of our study is to adapt the Dutch scale for measuring political cynicism for the Russian-speaking sample. The scale is based on a narrow definition of political cynicism as a negative attitude toward politicians. Four-hundred and twenty-two Russian residents participated in the study. Respondents filled out questionnaires to measure political cynicism, political trust, social cynicism, political effectiveness as well as they evaluated the effectiveness of different forms of political actions. The short version of the political cynicism scale, consisting of six statements, demonstrated structural validity and measurement invariance. Also, political cynicism was positively associated with social cynicism but negatively related to political trust, political efficiency and evaluations of the effectiveness of various forms of political actions.

Keywords: political cynicism, social cynicism, political trust, political efficacy, political behavior

Full text in Russian >>

Cyrillic letters are transliterated according to BSI standards. The titles are given in author’s translation.

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Received 24 June 2020. Date of publication: 04 November 2020.

About author

Gulevich Olga Alexandrovna. Doctor of Psychology, professor, Department of Psychology, National Research University Higher School of Economics, ul. Myasnitskaya, d. 20, 101000 Moscow, Russia.
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Krivoshchekov Vladislav Sergeevich. M.S. in Sociology, graduate student, Department of Psychology, National Research University Higher School of Economics, ul. Myasnitskaya, d. 20, 101000 Moscow, Russia.
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Shmygaleva Sofia Anatolyevna. Undergraduate student, Department of Psychology, National Research University Higher School of Economics, ul. Myasnitskaya, d. 20, 101000 Moscow, Russia.
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Suggested citation

Gulevich O.A., Krivoshchekov V.S., Shmygaleva S.A. Political cynicism: Russian-language scale to measure negative attitudes towards politicians. Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniya, 2020, Vol. 13, No. 73, p. 3. (in Russian, abstr. in English).

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