Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniya • ISSN 2075-7999
peer-reviewed • open access journal


Vilkova K.A., Lebedeva N.V. Gender differences in academic motivation: evidence from the longitudinal study of university student

Full text in Russian: Вилкова К.А., Лебедева Н.В. Динамика академической мотивации в университете: есть ли гендерные различия?

National Research University «Higher School of Economics», Moscow, Russia
Kazan Federal University, Kazan, Russia

About author
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An individual's motivational beliefs shape the choice of both educational and career paths. At the same time, previous studies indicated that men and women differ in academic motivation. However, the research to date has focused on cross-sectional design, rather than on longitudinal studies on gender differences in academic motivation. Our research aimed to examine gender differences in academic motivation employing the self-determination theory within longitudinal design. Students of a Russian research university participated in the study (N=316, 63% females). Participants were examined at the beginning of their study and before the graduation. According to the results, there was no significant effect of gender on intrinsic motivation during the first and fourth years of the university. However, women reported higher level of extrinsic motivation compared to men in both the first and fourth years of study. Specifically, the gender difference in introjected motivation was shown to be significant during the first and fourth years of study. At the same time, gender differences in external motivation were significant in the first year, but non-significant at the end of the study. To conclude, women tend to attain an outcome that is separable from learning itself. These results suggest that women involved in learning activities to comply with internal pressure from parents, teachers and society.

Keywords: academic motivation, self-determination theory, gender differences, longitudinal design

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Cyrillic letters are transliterated according to BSI standards. The titles are given in author’s translation.

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Received 15 April 2020. Date of publication: 31 December 2020.

About author

Vilkova Kseniia A. Junior Research Fellow and PhD Student, Centre of Sociology of Higher Education, Institute of Education, National Research University “Higher School of Economics”, Potapovsky per., 16/10, 101100 Moscow, Russia.
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Lebedeva Nataliya V. Research Fellow, Kazan Federal University, Institute of Psychology and Education, ul. Mezhlauk, 1, 420021 Kazan, Russia. PhD student of Psychology, National Research University Higher School of Economics, ul. Myasnitskaya, 20, 101000 Moscow, Russia.
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Suggested citation

Vilkova K.A., Lebedeva N.V. Gender differences in academic motivation: evidence from the longitudinal study of university student. Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniya, 2020, Vol. 13, No. 74, p. 1. (in Russian, abstr. in English)

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