Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniya • ISSN 2075-7999
peer-reviewed • open access journal
      

 

Webmail service

You may send information about the publication via e-mail.

Click on e-mail link near the publication title or in the right upper page corner and send a message to any recipient.




The reference to the publication is included into the message automatically.

Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniya. Current Issue Articles

Kuznetsova E.A., Karpova E.B., Kovalchuk Yu.V., Nikolaeva E.A., Udalova V.A. Compliance with self-isolation during the COVID-19 pandemic

Full text in Russian: Кузнецова Е.А., Карпова Э.Б., Ковальчук Ю.В., Николаева Е.А., Удалова В.А. Приверженность соблюдению мер самоизоляции в период пандемии COVID-19

Saint Petersburg State University, Saint Petersburg, Russia

About author
Suggested citation

The COVID-19 pandemic not only affected multiple aspects of people's lives, but also required self-isolation measures that the population had never encountered before. Importantly, the prescribed rules for self-isolation were unclear and changing over time. We suggested that in a situation of high uncertainty, people would understand the self-isolation differently. We also hypothesized that commitment with the restrictive measures would be determined by both external and internal psychological factors.
The study was conducted on the Internet via Google forms. The study involved 449 respondents aged 18 to 82 (80% of females and 20% – males). At the time of the survey, 52% of respondents were undergoing the restrictions for less than a month, the rest – for 1 to 2 months. Methods applied involved scales of anxiety, depression and PTSD, a differential questionnaire for experiencing loneliness, a questionnaire “Conformity-suggestibility” and an author's questionnaire on the attitude to self-isolation during the COVID-19 pandemic.
The discrepancies between the cognitive idea of compliance with the self-isolation measures and its behavioral implementation were found. The idea of self-isolation was primarily associated with the subjective feeling of changes in the current lifestyle, specifically with the limitations of communication and activity. Therefore, people primarily associated the self-isolation with changes in living space, reduced activity and amount of communication. It was shown that the individuals who comply with self-isolation measures showed higher levels of social responsibility, awareness of their involvement and contribution against the spread of infection. The groups with different adherence to self-isolation measures did not significantly differ in attitudes to the health care system and awareness of the current situation on coronavirus.
 
Keywords: COVID-19, pandemic, self-isolation, compliance, public health

Full text in Russian >>

 

Acknowledgements / Acknowledgement
The authors thank Polina Goncharova, Nataliya Ivanova, Ekaterina Kostenko for their support in data collection. 

References
Cyrillic letters are transliterated according to BSI standards. The titles are given in author’s translation.

Amin S. Why Ignore the Dark Side of Social Media? A Role of Social Media in Spreading Corona-Phobia and Psychological Well-Being // International Journal of Mental Health Promotion. 2020. 22(1). DOI: 10.32604/IJMHP.2020.011115

Boyko O.M., Medvedeva T.I., Enikolopov S.N., Vorontsova O.Yu., Kazmina O.Yu. The psychological state of people during the COVID-19 pandemic and the target of psychological work // Psikhologicheskie issledovaniya. 2020. T. 13. No. 70. P. 1. URL: http://psystudy.ru (date of application: 15.06.2020). (In Russian)

Brooks S.K., Webster R.K., Smith L.E., Woodland L., Wessely S., Greenberg N., Rubin G.J. The Psychological Impact of Quarantine and How to Reduce It: Rapid Review of the Evidence. The Lancet. 2020, 395(10227), 912-920. DOI: 10.1016/S0140-6736(20)30460-8

Durankus F., Aksu E. Effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on anxiety and depressive symptoms in pregnant women: a preliminary study. Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine, 2020. DOI: 10.1080/14767058.2020.1763946 

Fawaz M., Samaha A. COVID-19 quarantine: Post-traumatic stress symptomatology among Lebanese citizens // International Journal of Social Psychiatry. 2020. DOI: 10.1177/0020764020932207 

Hossain M.M., Sultana A., Purohit N. Mental health outcomes of quarantine and isolation for infection prevention: Epidemiol Health, 2020. DOI: 10.4178/epih.e2020038 

Everett J., Colombatto C., Chituc V., Brady W. J., Crockett M. The effectiveness of moral messages on public health behavioral intentions during the COVID-19 pandemic. Jmir Research Protocols. 2020, 9(5). DOI: 10.31234/osf.io/9yqs8 

Iovlev B.V., Karpova Je.B. Psihologija otnoshenij. Koncepcija V.N. Mjasishheva i medicinskaja psihologija. SPb., 1999. 85 p. (In Russian)

Li S., Wang Y., Xue J., Zhao N., Zhu T. The Impact of COVID-19 Epidemic Declaration on Psychological Consequences: A Study on Active Weibo Users // International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020, 17(6). DOI: 10.3390/ijerph17062032 

Li Z., Ge J., Yang M. et al. Vicarious traumatization in the general public, members, and non-members of medical teams aiding in COVID-19 control. Brain, Behav. and Immun. 2020, No. 20, 30309-30313. DOI: 10.1016/j.bbi.2020.03.007

Moore R.C., Depp C.A., Harvey P.D., Pinkham A.E. Assessing the Real-Time Mental Health Challenges of COVID-19 in Individuals with serious mental illnesses. JMIR Research Protocols. 2020, 9(5). DOI: 10.2196/19203 

Mucci F., Mucci N., Diolaiuti F. Lockdown and isolation: psychological aspects of COVID-19 pandemic in the general population. Clinical Neuropsychiatry. 17(2), 63-64. DOI: 10.36131/CN20200205 

Oosterhoff B., Palmer C.A. Psychological Correlates of News Monitoring, Social Distancing, Disinfecting, and Hoarding Behaviors among US Adolescents during the COVID-19 Pandemic, 2020. DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.2.22362.49602

Pakpour A.H., Griffiths M.D. The fear of COVID-19 and its role in preventive behaviors. Journal of Concurrent Disorders, 2020. ISSN 2562-7546.

Pervushina O.N., Fjodorov A.A., Dorosheva E.A. Vosprijatie COVID-19 v kontekstetolerantnosti k neopredelennosti. URL: https://fp.nsu.ru/nauchnaya-deyatelnost/covid19/covid.php (date of application: 15.06.2020). (In Russian)

Qiu J., Shen B., Zhao M., Wang Z., Xie B., Xu, Y. A nationwide survey of psychological distress among Chinese people in the COVID-19 epidemic: implications and policy recommendations. General Psychiatry. 2020, 33(2), е100213. DOI: 10.1136/gpsych-2020-100213 

Sani G., Janiri D., Di Nicola M., Janiri L., Ferretti S., Chieffo D. Mental health during and after the COVID-19 emergency in Italy. Psychiatry Clin. Neuroscience. 2020, 74(6), 372. DOI: 10.1111/pcn.13004

Satisi B., Saricali M., Satisi S.A., Griffiths M.D. Intolerance of Uncertainty and Mental Wellbeing: Serial Mediation by Rumination and Fear of COVID-19 // International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction. 2020. DOI: 10.1007/s11469-020-00305-0 

Sidjacheva N.V., Zotova L.Je. Situacija vynuzhdennoj samoizoljacii v period pandemii: psihologicheskiji akademicheskij aspekty // Sovremennye naukoemkie tehnologii. 2020. No. 5. P. 218–225.

Sood S. Psychological effects of the Coronavirus disease-2019 pandemic // Research and Humanities in Medical Education. 2020. No 7. P. 23-26. URL: https://www.rhime.in/ojs/index.php/rhime/article/view/264 (дата обращения: 15.06.2020).

Tian F., Li H., Tian S., Yang J., Shao J., Tian C. Psychological Symptoms of Ordinary Chinese Citizens Based on SCL-90 during the Level I Emergency Response to COVID-19 // Psychiatry Research, 2020. DOI: 10.1016/j.psychres.2020.112992 

Urzua A., Vera-Villarroel P., Caqueo-Urizar A., Polanco-Carrasco R. Psychology in the prevention and management of COVID-19. Contributions from the initial evidence. Terapia Psicologica. 2020, 38 (1), 103-118. DOI: 10.4067/S0718-48082020000100103

Zinchenko V.P. Tolerantnost' k neopredelennosti: novost' ili psihologicheskaja tradicija? // Voprosy psihologii. 2007. No. 6. P. 3-20. (In Russian)

Received 30 June 2020. Date of publication: 04 November 2020.

About author

Kuznetsova Elena A. PhD, Senior Lecturer, Department of Psychology of Personality, Faculty of Psychology, Saint-Petersburg State University, Universitetskaya nab., 7/9, 1999034, Saint-Petersburg, Russia
E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.

Karpova Elvira B. PhD, Associate Professor, Department of Psychology of Crisis and Emergency Psychology, Faculty of Psychology, Saint-Petersburg State University, Universitetskaya nab., 7/9, 1999034, Saint-Petersburg, Russia

Kovalchuk Yulia. Student, Department of Psychology of Crisis and Emergency Psychology, Faculty of Psychology, Saint-Petersburg State University, Universitetskaya nab., 7/9, 1999034, Saint-Petersburg, Russia

Nikolaeva Ekaterina. Student, Department of Psychology of Crisis and Emergency Psychology, Faculty of Psychology, Saint-Petersburg State University, Universitetskaya nab., 7/9, 1999034, Saint-Petersburg, Russia

Udalova Viktoriya. Student, Department of Psychology of Crisis and Emergency Psychology, Faculty of Psychology, Saint-Petersburg State University, Universitetskaya nab., 7/9, 1999034, Saint-Petersburg, Russia  

Suggested citation

Kuznetsova E.A., Karpova E.B., Kovalchuk Yu.V., Nikolaeva E.A., Udalova V.A. Compliance with self-isolation during the COVID-19 pandemic. Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniya, 2020, Vol. 13, No. 73, p. 1. http://psystudy.ru (in Russian, abstr. in English).

Permanent URL: http://psystudy.ru/index.php/eng/2020v13n73e/1837-kuznetsova73e.html

Back to top >>