Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniya • ISSN 2075-7999
peer-reviewed • open access journal


2021 Vol. 14 Issue 77

Zhizhina O.G., Korneev A.A. Matveeva E.Yu. Age differences in results of computer-based neuropsychological tests in 6-9 years old children

Full text in Russian: Жижина О.Г., Корнеев А.А., Матвеева Е.Ю. Возрастные особенности выполнения компьютерных методик нейропсихологического обследования детьми 6-9 лет

Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia

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The preschool age and early school age are associated with active cognitive development. In the current study we examined the development of cognitive functions of pre- and early school age children with the use of computer-based neuropsychological tests. The applied methods estimated the developmental level of executive functions and processing of visual-spatial and auditory information. The sample of 454 children between the ages of 6 to 9 years was divided into four age groups: preschoolers, first graders, second graders, and third graders. In order to compare age-related differences in cognitive functioning we chose the following tests: “The Dots” (executive functions), “Corsi Block-tapping Test” (visual-spatial information processing), “Understanding of similarly sounding words” (auditory information processing), and “Understanding of logical-grammatical constructions” (both executive functions and the processing of visual-spatial and auditory information). Analysis of the results revealed differential performance among the age groups, indicating of the ongoing cognitive development between the ages of 6 to 9 years. The most noticeable differences were detected between preschoolers and first graders in the level of executive functioning. This may be due to the active maturation of the prefrontal cortex in age 6-7 years old, as well as to the transition from playing in kindergarten to school education. The differences between the early school groups were found to be smaller. This may be indicative of slowing the pace of cognitive development in the age of 8-9 years.

Keywords: neuropsychological assessment, computer tests, preschoolers, early school, executive functions, functions of visual-spatial information processing, functions of auditory information processing  

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The study was supported by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research, project 19-013-00668.

Cyrillic letters are transliterated according to BSI standards. The titles are given in author’s translation.

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Received 21 December 2020. Date of publication: 30 June 2021.

About author

Zhizhina Olesya G. 6th year student of the Deparment of Neuro- and Pathopsychology, Faculty of Psychology, Lomonosov Moscow State University, ul. Mokhovaya, 11-9, 125009 Moscow, Russia.
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Korneev Aleksei A. Ph.D. in Psychology, Senior Research Associate, Laboratory of Neuropsychology, Faculty of Psychology, Lomonosov Moscow State University, ul. Mokhovaya, 11-9, 125009 Moscow, Russia; Senior Research Associate, Laboratory of Neurophysiology of Cognitive Processes, Institute of Developmental Physiology, Russian Academy of Education, ul. Pogodinskaya, 8-2, 119121 Moscow, Russia.
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Matveeva Ekaterina Yu. Ph.D. in Psychology, Senior Research Associate, Laboratory of Neuropsychology, Faculty of Psychology, Lomonosov Moscow State University, ul. Mokhovaya, 11-9, 125009 Moscow, Russia.
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Zhizhina O.G., Korneev A.A. Matveeva E.Yu. Age differences in results of computer-based neuropsychological tests in 6-9 years old children. Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniya, 2021, Vol. 14, No. 77, p. 1.

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