Преодолевая экономию когнитивной обработки: распознавание, подавление и способы мышления


  • Кит Станович



Ключевые слова:

рациональное мышление, когнитивные искажения, решение задач на эвристики, распознавание, подавление и способы мышления


Ошибки в решении задач на эвристики и когнитивные искажения случаются по разным причинам. Чтобы в них разобраться, в этой главе рассматриваются три ментальные характеристики, необходимые для рационального мышления: распознавание, подавление и способы мышления. Неполадки в их работе можно разделить на две категории ошибок – экономия когнитивной обработки и проблемы в способах мышления. Предъявляя различные требования к ментальным характеристикам, задачи на эвристики и когнитивные искажения позволяют увидеть, где произошел сбой в случае ошибки. Классификация ошибок проиллюстрирована примерами задач на эвристики и когнитивные искажения.


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Кит Станович

Кит Э. Станович. Почетный профессор кафедры прикладной психологии и человеческого развития Университета Торонто, 252 Блур Стрит Уэст, Торонто, ON M5S 1V6 Канада Email: kstanovich@gmail.com


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Станович, К. (2020). Преодолевая экономию когнитивной обработки: распознавание, подавление и способы мышления. Психологические исследования, 13(72). https://doi.org/10.54359/ps.v13i72.182