Роль мозжечка в становлении и функционировании навыка чтения

Авторы

  • Софья Миронец Национальный медицинский исследовательский центр детской гематологии, онкологии и им-мунологии имени Дмитрия Рогачева, Москва, Россия; Психологический институт Российской академии образования, Москва, Россия

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.54359/ps.v16i87.1352

Ключевые слова:

чтение, мозжечок, мозговые структуры, движения глаз

Аннотация

Традиционно считается, что мозжечок контролирует скоординированные движения, но при этом он также участвует в работе когнитивных функций. Например, задняя латеральная часть правого полушария мозжечка вовлечена в речевые функции, так как имеет пересекающиеся анатомические связи с доминирующим речевым лобным центром слева (у правшей), теменными и височными ассоциативными областями. Исходя из данных исследований, можно сделать вывод, что роль мозжечка в рабочей и долговременной памяти, а также речевых функциях в первую очередь объясняется активацией кортико-мозжечковой сети. Следовательно, в процессе чтения мозжечок выступает в качестве модулятора различных сетей мозга. Исследования, направленные на изучение роли мозжечка в процессе чтения, имеют важное значение для оптимизации процесса обучения чтению и вносят вклад в фундаментальное понимание обеспечения когнитивных процессов. В статье представлено систематическое описание последних данных о роли мозжечка при реализации процесса чтения и других когнитивных функций: обобщены результаты МРТ, фМРТ и ПЭТ исследований, а также клинические данные об овладении навыком чтения.

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Автор

Софья Миронец, Национальный медицинский исследовательский центр детской гематологии, онкологии и им-мунологии имени Дмитрия Рогачева, Москва, Россия; Психологический институт Российской академии образования, Москва, Россия

Научный сотрудник, Отдел нейрокогнитивных, психофизиологических исследований и физической реабилитации ЛРНЦ «Русское Поле», Национальный медицинский исследовательский центр детской гематологии, онкологии и иммунологии имени Дмитрия Рогачева, ул. Саморы Машела, д. 1, 117997 Москва, Россия.

Научный сотрудник, Лаборатория возрастной психогенетики, Психологический институт Российской академии образования, ул. Моховая, д. 9, стр. 4, 125009, Москва, Россия.

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Опубликован

28.02.2023

Как цитировать

Миронец, С. (2023). Роль мозжечка в становлении и функционировании навыка чтения. Психологические исследования, 16(87), 6. https://doi.org/10.54359/ps.v16i87.1352

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