Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniya • ISSN 2075-7999
peer-reviewed • open access journal
      

 

Soldatova G.U., Chigarkova S.V., Kulesh E.V., Tikhomirov M.Yu. Ethnosocial and personal predictors of intercultural communication in residents of Russian cities with different ethnic composition of the population


SOLDATOVA G.U., CHIGARKOVA S.V., KULESH E.V., TIKHOMIROV M.YU. ETHNOSOCIAL AND PERSONAL PREDICTORS OF INTERCULTURAL COMMUNICATION IN RESIDENTS OF RUSSIAN CITIES WITH DIFFERENT ETHNIC COMPOSITION OF THE POPULATION
Full text in Russian: Солдатова Г.У., Чигарькова С.В., Кулеш Е.В., Тихомиров М.Ю. Этносоциальные и личностные предикторы направленности межкультурной коммуникации у жителей российских городов с различным этническим составом населения

Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia
Pacific Ocean State University, Khabarovsk, Russia
Volgograd State Socio-Pedagogical University, Volgograd, Russia

About authors
Suggested citation


The article is devoted to the study of ethnosocial and personal predictors of the direction of intercultural communication. The relevance of the study is due to the need for a deeper understanding of the factors determining the success of an individual in a variety of cultural contexts, in connection with the development of globalization processes and the intensification of intercultural interaction. The success of intercultural communication can due to a number of personal characteristics. The purpose of this research is to study a number of personal characteristics (ethnic identity, tolerance and cultural intelligence) affecting the success of intercultural communication among Russian (N = 1095) living in cities with different ethnic composition of the population: monoethnic (Moscow, Volgograd, Khabarovsk), biethnic (Kazan) and multiethnic (Makhachkala). The study revealed the features of intercultural communication in cities with different ethnic composition based on a number of indicators: language identity, knowledge of languages, intensity of intercultural communication, intercultural social capital, abroad experience, subjective assessment of the impact of cultural diversity on the team, overall self-assessment of the success of the experience intercultural interaction. The highest level of the most parameters were demonstrated by residents of the biethnic and polyethnic regions. In a comparative study of indicators of cultural intelligence, tolerance and severity of types of ethnic identity, the significance of the influence of the factor of the ethnic composition of the city’s population on these phenomena was established. The most obvious differences concern the interviewed residents of biethnic and polyethnic cities compared to monoethnic cities. Positive ethnic identity and tolerance is higher among residents of biethnic and polyethnic cities than monoethnic cities with a predominance of the Russian population. At the same time, the level of heterogeneity of the ethnic composition of the population can ambiguously influence the indicators of cultural intelligence: for example, the biethnic composition of the population contributes to the highest level of cultural intelligence, while multiethnic reduces its level.

Keywords: cultural intelligence, ethnic identity, tolerance, intercultural communication

 

References

Carmona C., Van der Zee K.I., Van Oudenhoven J. P.,  Hernaiz-Agreda N. Intercultural Competences and Self-Identity as Key Factors to Adaptation. In: C. Roland-Lévy, P. Denoux, B. Voyer, P. Boski, W. K. Gabrenya Jr. (Eds.). Unity, diversity and culture: Research and Scholarship Selected from the 22nd Congress of the International Association for Cross-Cultural Psychology. Melbourne, 2016. pp. 158–163.

Chernyak N.V. Mezhkul'turnaya kompetentsiya. Istoriya issledovaniya, opredelenie, modeli i metody kontrolya [Intercultural competence. History of research, definition, models and methods of control.]. Moscow: FLINTA, 2016. (in Russian)

Chiou A.Y. Which cultural group I love depends on how I feel about myidentities: The moderating effect of blendedness on the priming of cultural in-group love in undergraduate Asian-American biculturals. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 2016, Vol. 54, 87–96.

Earley P.C., Ang S. Cultural intelligence: Individual interactions across cultures. Palo Alto, CA: Stanford University Press, 2003.

Leung K., Аng S., Tan M.L. Intercultural Competence. Annual Review of Organizational Psychology and Organizational Behavior, 2014, Vol. 1, 489–519.

Matsumoto D., Hwang H.C. Assessing cross-cultural competence: A review of available tests. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 2013, 44(6), 849–873.

Soldatova G.U. Psikhologiya mezhetnicheskoi napryazhennosti [Psychology of inter-ethnic tensions]. Moscow: Smysl, 1998. (in Russian)

Soldatova G.U. In: Praktikum po psikhodiagnostike i issledovaniyu tolerantnosti lichnosti [Psychodiagnostic and Tolerance Research Workshop]. Moscow: Mosk. gos. universitet, 2003. pp. 4–13. (in Russian)

Soldatova G.U., Shaigerova L.A. (Eds.). Psikhodiagnostika tolerantnosti lichnosti [Psychodiagnostics of Tolerance]. Moscow: Smysl, 2008. (in Russian)

Soldatova G.U., Shaigerova L.A. Psikhologicheskie issledovaniya, 2015, 8(40), 10. http://psystudy.ru (in Russian)

Soldatova G.U., Chigar'kova S.V. In: Teoreticheskie problemy etnicheskoi i krosskul'turnoi psikhologii: materialy pyatoi mezhdunarodnoi nauchnoi konferentsii. Smolensk: Smolenskii gumanitarnyi universitet, 2016. pp. 191–194. (in Russian)

Soldatova G.U., Chigar'kova S.V., Rasskazova E.I. Psikhologiya. Zhurnal Vysshei shkoly ekonomiki, 2018, 15(3), 510–526. doi: https://doi.org/10.17323/1813-8918-2018-3-510-526 (in Russian)

Van der Zee K.I., Van Oudenhoven J.P. Personality and multicultural effectiveness. In: V. Benet-Martínez, Hong Ying-Yi. (Eds.), The Oxford handbook of multicultural identity. New York, 2014, pp. 255–275.

Van Dyne L., Ang S., Ng K.-Y., Rockstuhl T., Tan M. L., Koh C. Sub-dimensions of the four factor model of cultural intelligence: Expanding the conceptualization and measurement of cultural intelligence (CQ). Social and Personal Psychology: Compass, 2012, 6(4), 295–313.

Vserossiiskaya perepis' naseleniya 2010 goda [All-Russian Population Census]. http://www.gks.ru/free_doc/new_site/perepis2010/croc/perepis_itogi1612.htm (in Russian)

Ward C., Searle W. The impact of value discrepancies and cultural identity on psychological and sociocultural adjustment of sojourners. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 1991, 15(2), 209–225. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0147-1767(91)90030-K

Wilson J., Ward C., Fischer R. Beyond culture learning theory: What can personality tell us about cultural competence? Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 2013, 44(6), 900–927. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0022022113492889

Young С.A. , Haffejee B., Corsun D. L. The relationship between ethnocentrism and cultural intelligence. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 2017, Vol. 58, 31–41.

Received 11 September 2018. Date of publication: 17 December 2018.

About authors

Soldatiova Galina U. Ph.D., Corresponding Member, Russian Academy of Education, Professor, Department of Psychology of Personality, Faculty of Psychology, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Mokhovaya ul., 11–9, 125009 Moscow, Russia.
E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.

Chigarkova Svetlana V. Ph.D. Junior Research Associate, Department of Psychology of Personality, Faculty of Psychology, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Mokhovaya ul., 11–9, 125009 Moscow, Russia.
E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.

Kulesh Elena V. PhD, Associate Professor, Department of psychology, Pacific Ocean State University, Pacific ul., 136, 680035 Khabarovsk, Russia.
E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра..

Tikhomirov M.Yu. Senior Lecturer,  Department of Psychology of Professional Activity, Volgograd State Socio-Pedagogical University, Lenina pr, 27, 400066 Volgograd, Russia.
E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.

Suggested citation

Soldatova G.U., Chigarkova S.V., Kulesh E.V., Tikhomirov M.Yu. Ethnosocial and personal predictors of intercultural communication in residents of Russian cities with different ethnic composition of the population. Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniya, 2018, Vol. 11, No. 62, p. 8. http://psystudy.ru (in Russian, abstr. in English).

Permanent URL: http://psystudy.ru/index.php/eng/2018v11n62e/1662-soldatova62.html

Back to top >>

Related Articles