Возрастные изменения управляющих функций у детей 6-7 лет

Авторы

  • Марина Захарова Институт возрастной физиологии Российской академии образования, Москва, Россия
  • Регина Мачинская Институт возрастной физиологии Российской академии образования, Москва, Россия

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.54359/ps.v15i81.1079

Ключевые слова:

управляющие функции, произвольная регуляция когнитивной деятельности, рабочая память, внимание, предшкольный возраст, нейропсихология

Аннотация

Проведено нейропсихологическое исследование возрастных преобразований различных компонентов произвольной регуляции деятельности – управляющих функций (УФ) и избирательного внимания у детей трех последовательных возрастных групп: 6-6,5 лет (n = 28), 6,5-7 лет (n = 69) и 7-7,5 лет (n = 33). Обнаружена неравномерность в развитии отдельных компонентов УФ в предшкольном возрасте – интенсивное развитие функций программирования и избирательной регуляции при относительной незрелости самоконтроля. У младших детей отмечается более низкий уровень развития УФ в целом, при этом наиболее выраженные возрастные различия касаются способности усвоения инструкций и выработки алгоритмов, а также возможностей переключения как между отдельными действиями, так и между алгоритмами деятельности.

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Биографии авторов

Марина Захарова, Институт возрастной физиологии Российской академии образования, Москва, Россия

Старший научный сотрудник лаборатории нейрофизиологии когнитивной деятельности Института возрастной физиологии Российской академии образования, 119121 Москва, ул. Погодинская, д. 8, корп. 2.

Регина Мачинская, Институт возрастной физиологии Российской академии образования, Москва, Россия

Доктор биологических наук, заведующая лабораторией нейрофизиологии когнитивной деятельности Института возрастной физиологии Российской академии образования, 119121 Москва, ул. Погодинская, д. 8, корп. 2.

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Опубликован

28.02.2022

Как цитировать

Захарова, М., & Мачинская, Р. (2022). Возрастные изменения управляющих функций у детей 6-7 лет. Психологические исследования, 15(81), 6. https://doi.org/10.54359/ps.v15i81.1079

Выпуск

Раздел

Экспериментальные и эмпирические исследования