Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniya • ISSN 2075-7999
peer-reviewed • open access journal


Vasilevskaya K.N., Kabardov M.K., Nourkova V.V. Individual differences and types of autobiographical memory

Full text in Russian: Василевская К.Н., Кабардов М.К., Нуркова В.В. Индивидуально-типологические особенности автобиографической памяти
Psychological Institute, Russian Academy of Education, Moscow, Russia
The Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia
Moscow City University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia

About authors
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One of actual problems in autobiographical memory study is the investigation of individual differences of memory system. In past quarter of a century extensive knowledge about autobiographical memory functions, structure and trends was accumulated however the results of differential psychological investigation of the matter are inconsistent or contradictory. The paper presents a functional-typological approach to the analysis of individual differences in autobiographical memory. The sample includes 213 subjects (68 men and 145 women) aged from 17 to 86 (mean age = 34,5, SD = 15,36, age distribution is normal). The leading function of autobiographical memory in life activity is distinguished as a system-forming characteristic of individual style of its work. The leading function is shown to determine the trend of development and the possibility of active transformation of structure characteristics of autobiographical memory. Gender and age peculiarities of autobiographical memory are identified. For example, memories colored with negative emotions are more common in women and peak thematic and functional development is observed in people aged 27–35. Four types of autobiographical memory are distinguished: communicative, regulative, pragmatic and existential. Each type reveals specific relationships with typological characteristics of nervous system and personality traits.

autobiographical memory, individual differences, functions of autobiographical memory, typology, functional-typological approach, psychophysiology, properties of nervous system, communicative type, regulative type, pragmatic type, existential type


Cyrillic letters are transliterated according to BSI standards.

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Received 18 February 2011. Date of publication: 17 April 2011.

About authors

Vasilevskaya Ksenia N. Ph.D.; Moscow City University of Psychology and Education; Senior Researcher; Psychological Institute, Russian Academy of Education, ul. Mokhovaya, 9, str. 4, 125009 Moscow, Russia.
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Kabardov Mukhamed K. Ph.D., Professor; Moscow City University of Psychology and Education; Psychological Institute, Russian Academy of Education, ul. Mokhovaya, 9, str. 4, 125009 Moscow, Russia.
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Nourkova Veronika V. Ph.D., Professor; Moscow City University of Psychology and Education; The Lomonosov Moscow State University, ul. Mokhovaya, 11, str. 9, 125009 Moscow, Russia.
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APA Style
Vasilevskaya, K. N., Kabardov, M. K., & Nourkova, V. V. (2011). Individual differences and types of autobiographical memory. Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniya, 2(16). Retrieved from 0421100116/0013. [in Russian, abstr. in English].

Russian State Standard GOST P 7.0.5-2008
Vasilevskaya K.N., Kabardov M.K., Nourkova V.V. Individual differences and types of autobiographical memory [Electronic resource] // Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniya. 2011. N 2(16). URL: (date of access: 0421100116/0013. [in Russian, abstr. in English]

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