Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniya • ISSN 2075-7999
peer-reviewed • open access journal


Suchkova E.A. Emotional differentiation: definition, operationalization, and research perspectives

Full text in Russian: Сучкова Е.А. Эмоциональная дифференцированность: определение, варианты операционализации, перспективы исследований

National Research University Higher School of Economics, Moscow, Russia

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Emotional differentiation (ED) is the degree to which a person distinguishes his or her emotions. ED is not limited to the semantic structure of a person’s emotional language. ED is positively associated with emotional regulation and various components of psychological well-being. People with high ED use a wider range of emotion regulation strategies, are less likely to drink alcohol in difficult life situations, and less often exhibit aggressive behavior when angry. Lower ED is found in people with depression, social anxiety, and children with an autism spectrum disorder. There are many techniques for measuring ED. This article aims to describe and analyze the main methods for assessing ED, such as the experience sampling method, photo emotion differentiation task, the method for assessing the differentiation of emotions caused by significant people, scenario rating task. The article proposes several directions for further research in the field of ED, for example, the study of ED indexes measured by different methods; study of stable and peak levels of ED; study of the optimal level of ED; study of the relationship between positive ED and the regulation of intense positive emotions; study of the relationship between ED and emotion recognition.

Keywords: emotional differentiation, emotion regulation, experience sampling method

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The author is grateful to D. Lyusin for help in preparing the manuscript. 

This article is an output of a research project implemented as part of the Basic Research Program at the National Research University Higher School of Economics (HSE University) in 2021.

Cyrillic letters are transliterated according to BSI standards. The titles are given in author’s translation.

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Received 08 July 2021. Date of publication: 30 October 2021.

About author

Suchkova E.A. Research Assistant, Laboratory for Cognitive Research, National Research University Higher School of Economics, ul. Myasnitskaya, 20, 101000 Moscow, Russia.
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Suchkova E.A. Emotional differentiation: definition, operationalization, and research perspectives. Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniya, 2021, Vol. 14, No. 79, p. 2.

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