Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniya • ISSN 2075-7999
peer-reviewed • open access journal


Burlakova N.S. Psychodynamics of intergenerational trauma experience transmission in the context of cultural-historical clinical psychology

Full text in Russian: Бурлакова Н.С. Психодинамика передачи травматического опыта от поколения к поколению в контексте культурно-исторической клинической психологии
Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia

About author
Suggested citation

The article is devoted to psychodynamics of intergenerational trauma experience transmission examined on the example of the most researched trauma in the world’s history – Holocaust. Nowadays we see the crisis and transformation of experience transmission mechanisms, therefore researching of trauma experience transmission is considered actual by the author. The author shows in the article, how trauma experience is transmitted through parents’ approaches to upbringing and education of their children and how it influences identity of second generation that didn’t endure this trauma in reality, but only through their parents’ stories and recollections. Intergenerational trauma experience transmission could be seen not only on personal level, but also on social and public level that should be always taken into consideration while using the research methods of cultural-historical clinical psychology.

Keywords: intergenerational transmission, psycho-historical trauma, psychodynamics, trauma experience, Holocaust, identity, cultural-historical analysis, cultural-historical clinical psychology



Adelman А. Traumatic Memory and the Intergenerational Transmission of Holocoust Narratives. The Рsychoanalytic Study of the Child, 1995, Vol. 50, 343–367.

Alexander J. Smysly sotsial'noi zhizni: kul'tursotsiologiya. Moscow: Praksis, 2013. (in Russian)

Andreeva G.M. Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniya, 2011, 6(20), 1. (in Russian)

Barocas C., Barocas H. Manifestations of Concentration Camp Effects on the Second Generation. The American Journal of Psychiatry, 1973, 130(7), 820–821.

Bauman Z. Tekuchaya sovremennost'. St. Petersburg: Piter, 2008. (in Russian)

Beiker K., Gippenreiter Yu.B. In: Teoriya semeinykh sistem Myurreya Bouena. Moscow: Kogito-Tsentr, 2005. pp. 419–452. (in Russian)

Beiker K., Varga A. (Eds.). Teoriya semeinykh sistem Myurreya Bouena. Osnovnye ponyatiya, metody i klinicheskaya praktika. Moscow: Kogito-Tsentr, 2005. (in Russian)

Belinskaya E.P. Psikhologiya i Psikhotekhnika, 2013, No. 4, 320–327. DOI: 10.7256/2070-8955.2013.04.2 (in Russian)

Bendor S.J. Strong at the Broken Places: Diverse Voices of Second Generation. Journal of Jewish Communal Service, 2008, 83(2/3), 243–249.

Burlakova N.S., Oleshkevich E.V. Psikhologiya i Psikhotekhnika, 2014, No. 9, 922–931. DOI10.7256/2070-8955.2014.9.12781 (in Russian)

Burlakova N.S., Oleshkevich V.I. Metodologiya i Istoriya Psikhologii, 2010, 5(1), 156–183. (in Russian)

Burlakova N.S., Oleshkevich V.I. Psikhologicheskaya kontseptsiya identichnosti E.Eriksona v zerkale lichnoi istorii avtora (opyt issledovaniya prirody kliniko-psikhologicheskogo znaniya). Moscow: IPTs "Maska", 2011. (in Russian)

Danieli Y. (Ed.). International handbook of multigenerational legacies of trauma. New York, NY: Plenum Press, 1998.

Epstein H. Children of the Holocaust: Conversations with sons and daughters of survivors. New York, NY: Penguin, 1979.

Erikson E. Identichnost': yunost' i krizis. Moscow: Progress, 1996. (in Russian)

Fonagy P. The transgenerational transmission of Holocaust trauma: Lessons learned from the analysis of an adolescent with obsessive-compulsive disorder. Attachment and Human Development, 1999, 1(1), 92–114.

Freud A., Burlingham D. War and Children. New York, NY: Medical War Books, 1943.

Freud A., Dann S. An experiment in group upbringing. The Рsychoanalytic Study of the Child, 1951, Vol. 6, 127–168.

Freund A. A Canadian family talks about oma’s life in Nazi Germany: Three-generational interviews and communicative memory. Oral History Forum, 2009, Vol. 29, 1–26.

Frie R. Memory and Responsibility. Navigating Identity and Shame in the German-Jewish Experience. Psychoanalytic Psychology, 2012, 29(2), 206–225.

Giddens E. Modernity and Self-identity: Self and Society in the Late Mordern Age. Cambridge: Polity Press, 1991.

Gruenberg K., Rosental N. Contaminated generativity: Holocaust survivors and their children in Germany. American Journal of Psychoanalysis, 2007, 67(1), 89–96.

Halbwachs M. Neprikosnovennyi Zapas, 2005, No. 2–3. (in Russian)

Hoffman E. After such knowledge: Memory, history, and the legacy of the Holocaust. New York, NY: Public Affairs, 2004.

Hutton P. Istoriya kak iskusstvo pamyati. St. Petersburg: Vladimir Dal', 2004. (in Russian)

Kellermann N. Transmission of Holocaust Trauma. National Israeli Center for Psychosocial Support of Survivors of the Holocaust and the Second Generation, 2000.

Laub D., Auerhann N. Reverberations of Genocide: Its Expression in the Conscious and Unconsciousness of Post-Holocaust Generations. In: S. Luel, P. Marcus (Eds.), Psychoanalytical Reflections on the Holocaust: Selected Essays. New York, NY: KTAV, 1984. pp. 151–167.

Martsinkovskaya T.D. Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniya, 2015, 8(42), 1. (in Russian)

McWilliams N. Psikhoanaliticheskaya diagnostika: Ponimanie struktury lichnosti v klinicheskom protsesse. Moscow: Klass, 1998. (in Russian)

Miller A. Drama odarennogo rebenka i poisk sobstvennogo Ya. Moscow: Korvet, 2012. (in Russian)

Nora P. Neprikosnovennyi Zapas, 2005, No. 2–3. (in Russian)

Prince R.M. The Legacy of the Holocaust: Psychological Themes in the Second Generation. Ann Arbor, MI: UMI Research Press, 1975.

Repina L.P. (Ed.). Istoriya i pamyat'. Moscow: Krug', 2006. (in Russian)

Sokolova E.T. Voprosy Psikhologii, 2009, No. 1, 67−80. (in Russian)

Sokolova E.T. Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniya, 2015, 8(40), 5. (in Russian)

Tarabrina N.V., Main N.V. Konsul'tativnaya Psikhologiya i Psikhoterapiya, 2013, No. 3, 96–119. (in Russian)

Toffler A. Shok budushchego. Moscow: AST, 2002. (in Russian)

Ushakin S., Trubina E. Travma: punkty. Moscow: NLO, 2009. (in Russian)

Vollhardt J.R. Collective Victimization. In: L.R. Tropp (Ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Intergroup Conflict. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012. pp. 136–157.

Wardi D. Memorial Candles: Children of Holocaust. Routledge, 1992.

Winnicott D.W. Konsul'tativnaya psikhologiya i psikhoterapiya, 2006, No. 1, 5–19. (in Russian)

Received 18 August 2015. Date of publication: 27 February 2016.

About author

Burlakova Nataliya S. Ph.D., Associate Professor, Faculty of Psychology, Lomonosov Moscow State University, ul. Mokhovaya, 11, str. 9, 125009 Moscow, Russia.
E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.

Suggested citation

Burlakova N.S. Psychodynamics of intergenerational trauma experience transmission in the context of cultural-historical clinical psychology. Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniya, 2016, Vol. 9, No. 45, p. 11. (in Russian, abstr. in English).

Permanent URL:

Back to top >>

Related Articles