Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniya • ISSN 2075-7999
peer-reviewed • open access journal
      

 

Kuptsova S.V., Ivanova M.V., Dragoy O.V., Petrova L.V., Ponomareva A.A., Ulicheva A.S., Laurinavichyute A.K. Focused attention deficits in patients with forms of aphasia

Full text in Russian: Купцова С.В., Иванова М.В., Драгой О.В., Петрова Л.В., Пономарева А.А., Уличева А.С., Лауринавичюте А.К. Особенности нарушения концентрации внимания у больных с разными формами афазии
Center for Speech Pathology and Neurorehabilitation, Moscow, Russia
National Research University Higher School of Economics, Moscow, Russia
University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong

About authors
Suggested citation


Features of focused attention in patients with fluent and non-fluent aphasia were investigated in the study. Attention disorders in patients with aphasia were quantitatively and qualitatively analyzed by making inter-comparison and comparing against the same disorders in healthy individuals. Forty seven patients with different forms of aphasia (aged 24–75) and thirty nine neurologically intact subjects of equivalent age (control group) took part in the study. The subjects were asked to monitor long strings of aurally presented digits and react to specific combination of two numbers. Overall, the number of correct responses was greater and reaction times were shorter in healthy subjects than in subjects with aphasia. The following differences in type of errors and reaction times between participants with fluent and non-fluent aphasia were demonstrated: subjects with fluent aphasia had lower reaction times in case of high-frequency target stimuli presentation, while subjects with non-fluent aphasia demonstrated more correct responses in case of low-frequency target stimuli presentation. Additionally, subjects with non-fluent aphasia made more errors related to omitting when one target stimulus immediately followed another. No linear relationship was found between severity of language impairment and observed focused attention deficits. Thus, the presented study demonstrates the importance of studying attention deficits in patients with aphasia in rehabilitation practice.

Keywords: focused attention, aphasia, auditory-verbal modality, attention deficits, reaction time

 

Funding
The study was supported by the Russian Foundation for Humanities, project 12-06-00939а.


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Received 12 August 2013. Date of publication: 26 April 2014.

About authors

Kuptsova Svetlana V. Neuropsychologist, Medical Psychology Department, Center for Speech Pathology and Neurorehabilitation, ul. Nikoloyamskaya, 20, 109240 Moscow, Russia; Junior Research Associate, Neurolinguistics Laboratory, Faculty of Philology, Higher School of Economics (National Research University), ul. Myasnitskaya, 20, 101000 Moscow, Russia.
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Ivanova Mariya V. Senior Researcher, Neurolinguistics Laboratory, Faculty of Philology, Higher School of Economics (National Research University), ul. Myasnitskaya, 20, 101000 Moscow, Russia.
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Dragoy Olga V. Director, Neurolinguistic Laboratory, Faculty of Philology, Higher School of Economics (National Research University), ul. Myasnitskaya, 20, 101000 Moscow, Russia.
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Petrova Lidiya V. Neuropsychologist, Medical Psychology Department, Center for Speech Pathology and Neurorehabilitation, ul. Nikoloyamskaya, 20, 109240 Moscow, Russia.
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Ponomareva Alena A. Student, Higher School of Economics (National Research University), ul. Myasnitskaya, 20, 101000 Moscow, Russia.
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Ulicheva Anastasiya S. Ph.D. Student, University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam 1, Meng Wah, 8F, Hong Kong.
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Laurinavichyute Anna K. Junior Research Associate, Neurolinguistics Laboratory, Faculty of Philology, Higher School of Economics (National Research University), ul. Myasnitskaya, 20, 101000 Moscow, Russia.
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Suggested citation

Kuptsova S.V., Ivanova M.V., Dragoy O.V., Petrova L.V., Ponomareva A.A., Ulicheva A.S., Laurinavichyute A.K. Focused attention deficits in patients with forms of aphasia. Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniya, 2014, Vol. 7, No. 34, p. 4. http://psystudy.ru (in Russian, abstr. in English).

Permanent URL: http://psystudy.ru/index.php/eng/2014v7n34e/968-kuptsova34e.html

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