Наличие изображений не является модератором эффекта не-беглости

Авторы

  • Тимофей Березнер Национальный исследовательский университет Высшая Школа Экономики, Москва, Россия.
  • Елена Горбунова Национальный исследовательский университет Высшая Школа Экономики, Москва, Россия

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.54359/ps.v16i92.1489

Ключевые слова:

эффект не-беглости, шрифты, изображения, память, обучение, желательные трудности

Аннотация

Эффект не-беглости - это улучшение запоминания информации, если ее обработка является затруднительной. Не-беглость обычно создается путем изменения перцептивных характеристик информации. Эффект не-беглости был показан в нескольких исследованиях, но число последующих неудачных его репликаций больше. Среди возможных причин, по которым эффект не-беглости часто не удается обнаружить, мы рассматриваем наличие изображений, сопровождающих текстовую информацию, в качестве возможного модератора этого эффекта. Мы предполагаем, что эффект не-беглости проявится только при отсутствии изображений.

Были проведены два эксперимента, в ходе которых участникам была представлена информация, написанная либо шрифтом Arial (беглое условие), либо Comic Sans (не-беглое условие). Информация также либо сопровождалась изображениями, либо нет. В первом эксперименте участников (n = 144) попросили запомнить 40 слов, во втором (n = 142) - 7 вымышленных фактов о Земле. В обоих случаях гипотезы не подтвердились - эффект не-беглости не проявлялся ни при каких условиях.

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Авторы

Тимофей Березнер, Национальный исследовательский университет Высшая Школа Экономики, Москва, Россия.

Стажер-исследователь научно-учебной лаборатории когнитивной психологии пользователя цифровых интерфейсов, аспирант департамента психологии, факультета социальных наук

Елена Горбунова, Национальный исследовательский университет Высшая Школа Экономики, Москва, Россия

Кандидат психологических наук, заведующий научно-учебной лабораторией когнитивной психологии пользователя цифровых интерфейсов, доцент департамента психологии, факультета социальных наук

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Опубликован

27.02.2024

Как цитировать

Березнер T., & Горбунова E. (2024). Наличие изображений не является модератором эффекта не-беглости. Психологические исследования, 16(92), 2. https://doi.org/10.54359/ps.v16i92.1489

Выпуск

Раздел

Экспериментальные и эмпирические исследования