Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniya • ISSN 2075-7999
peer-reviewed • open access journal
      

 

2020 Vol. 13 Issue 70

Boyko O.M., Medvedeva T.I., Enikolopov S.N., Vorontsova O.Yu., Kazmina O.Yu. The psychological state of people during the COVID-19 pandemic and the target of psychological work

Russian version: Бойко О.М., Медведева Т.Ю., Ениколопов С.Н., Воронцова О.Ю., Казьмина О.Ю. Психологическое состояние людей в период пандемии COVID-19 и мишени психологической работы

Mental Health Research Center, Moscow, Russia
Russian Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Moscow, Russia

About authors
Suggested citation

The COVID-19 pandemic represents vital threat for humanity. Such pandemic factors as threat to life, invisibility of threats, uncertainty of the future, inability to control a situation allow for comparison of the pandemic with traumatic events that have already been studied, such as natural or technogenic disasters, hostilities, etc. The pandemic is therefore assumed to have a high capacity for generating current stress as well as subsequent post-stress states. It requires to investigate characteristics of mental state of those who feel the need for psychological assistance in order to highlight therapeutic targets.
Methods. The study was conducted online by means of google-forms. Links to the survey were posted on Facebook. The survey was carried from March 22, 2020 to March 28, 2020. It involved 232 participants, including 198 women and 34 men. General questions covered demographics, need for psychological assistance as well as basic assessment of respondents’ state. The questionnaires SCL-90-R, COPE, CTI (adapted), "Impulsivity 7" were also applied.
Results: 22% of participants (50 women, 2 men) reported the need for psychological assistance, the remaining participants comprised control group. Higher level of psychopathological symptoms and suicidal risk were revealed among those who felt the need for psychological assistance compared to the control group. Also, the study group showed lower level of coping strategies and higher degree of empathy.  Lastly, the participants who reported the need for psychological assistance exhibited significantly greater compliance with the rules that impede the spread of COVID-19.
Conclusions: Our study revealed high level of need for psychological support, associated with increased level of stress, increased psychopathological symptoms and decreased ability to cope with stress. The following psychotherapeutic targets were distinguished: 1. Prevention of suicidal behavior; 2. Restoring life prospects; 3. Emotional self-regulation training; 4. Providing digital alternatives of leisure; 5. Developing and promotion of accessible forms of active stress coping; 6. Developing recommendations for sleep normalization; 7. Correction of perfectionism; 8. Strengthening emotional support for people following the recommended pandemic actions. In order to reduce delayed effects of a long-acting stressful factor, it is necessary to act both in individual psychological work and in the field of psycho-education.

Keywords: COVID-19, pandemic, psychological support 

Full text in Russian >>

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Received 02 April 2020. Date of publication: 14 May 2020.

About author

Boyko Olga M. Research Associate, Department of Medical Psychology, Mental Health Research Centre, Russian Academy of Medical Sciences, Kashirskoye sh., 34, 115522 Moscow, Russia.
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Medvedeva Tatiana I. Research Associate, Department of Medical Psychology, Mental Health Research Centre, Russian Academy of Medical Sciences, Kashirskoye sh., 34, 115522 Moscow, Russia.
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Enikolopov Sergey N. PhD, Associate Professor, Head, Department of Medical Psychology, Mental Health Research Centre, Kashirskoye sh., 34, 115522 Moscow, Russia. School of Anthropology of the Future, Russian Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Moscow, Russia
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Vorontsova Oksana Yu. Research Associate, Department of Medical Psychology, Mental Health Research Centre, Russian Academy of Medical Sciences, Kashirskoye sh., 34, 115522 Moscow, Russia.
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Kazmina Olga Yu. PhD, Leading Research Associate, Department of Medical Psychology, Mental Health Research Centre, Kashirskoye sh., 34, 115522 Moscow, Russia.
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Suggested citation

Boyko O.M., Medvedeva T.I., Enikolopov S.N., Vorontsova O.Yu., Kazmina O.Yu.The psychological state of people during the COVID-19 pandemic and the target of psychological work. Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniya, 2020, Vol. 13, No. 70, p. 1. http://psystudy.ru (in Russian, abstr. in English).

Permanent URL: http://psystudy.ru/index.php/eng/2020v13n70e/1757-boyko70e.html

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